Cells at ChristmasPublished on January 13, 2016
So, you have had the Christmas Party and hopefully are looking forward to the holiday season. Many labs shut down between Christmas and New Year and you may not return until January 4th. In all the build up to the festive season have you remembered everything? Aunt Hilda’s bottle of lavender water and Uncle Horace’s box of cigars may be already wrapped and under the tree but aren’t you forgetting something? What about the insect cell cultures that you tend carefully the rest of the year but are now possibly going to neglect for the next 11 days? Most insect cell lines (usually Spodoptera frugiperda or Trichoplusia ni cell lines) need to be sub cultured at least twice a week if they are grown as suspension/shake cultures. How will they survive for this protracted period?
- It is probably pointless trying to keep a suspension cell culture going for more than 5 days. Even if they are seeded very thinly they will eventually become very dense or at the other extreme possibly not grow at all (cells in serum-free medium don’t like to be over diluted [see previous blog]). You will almost certainly return in the New Year to a dead flask of cells.
- You might think that it is time to return to your frozen stocks of cells and start afresh in January. This isn’t a bad idea, particularly if you have had your current stocks in culture for a while. The only problem is that even with a batch of cells frozen at a high density it takes a while to amplify them to quantities sufficient for use in experiments.
- An alternative is to assign the task of keeping cells going over the break to the most junior member of the lab. This isn’t very fair and runs the risk of a resentful or hungover member of staff contaminating the lot!
- Probably the best option is to remove your cells from suspension cultures to monolayers in flasks and grow them at a lower temperature for the duration. We recommend a temperature of 20-21°C, which is often the ambient level in most air conditioned labs. You might also have an incubator you could drop to this temperature for the period. This is particularly useful if your air con is turned off over the break.
The size of flask you use depends on the numbers of cells you wish to have available for rapid use in the New Year. These can be seeded with various densities of cells. For example, 175cm2 flasks could be set up with 106, 2.5 x 106 or 5 x 106 cells in 15mls medium. This gives a reasonable spread of cell densities so that at least one flask survives.
- When you return after the holiday break and want to return your cells to suspension culture don’t forget that the best way to remove them from the attached state is to tap them firmly on the lab bench. Don’t use a cell scraper as this can result in a very high mortality rate.
If you follow the above advice, you should be able to return to the lab in 2016 and have your insect cell-based research up and running in no time.